Gudi Padwa more commonly pronounced as Gudhi Padwaa is a major Marathi festival of the southern India. The word gudi is a Marathi translation of the Hindu month “Chaitra” which is the first month of the Hindu calendar.
The word Padwa has been derived from the Sanskrit literature which means “First”.
It is hence celebrated as the first day of the Hindu calendar. The cosmic calculation is also coincident to the “Pratipad” which is the first bright phase of the powerful moon. This festival is celebrated across many region under different names such as “Ugadi” in Karnataka and Andra Pradesh, ಪಾಡ್ಯ in Kannada region, பாட்டமி in tamilnadu and “Chitee chaand” amongst Sindhi community.
History and Etymology Significance
As mentioned above the word Padvaa is a sanskrit entity which embarks the “Pratipad” which is first day of the lunar month. It is noteably the best view after the “No Moon” phase of the periodic moon. Some people also misinterpred the term with the “Bali” pratipad which celebrated as the 3rd day of the “Diwali”, a festival of lights.
The first moon or the new moon holds a very auspicious transit under astronomical observations. The Zodiac Sun in Aries signifies the start of “Vasant” ritu (Spring Season) and hence this day is accounted as the first day of the Hindu calendar.
There is a direct mention about this day on the sacred Hindu texts that Lord Brahma made this world on this very day. Thereafter everything started to roll under the wheel of time. Each year starts with the same place of the circular path, our planet Earth takes in completing a revolution of the sun.
How Gudi is Prepared
A gudhi is a straight object which hoists an inverted pot or silver utensil of the similar dimension wrapped with bright yellow and a mixture of green cloth. A garlend is put across the stick/bamboo figure and is positioned t the front door/balcony of the house facing in the easter direction. It should also be kept on the right hand side of the main entrance which signifies soul under Hindu scriptures.
The figure as you can see seems more like a rising flag to embark power and victory. The day also coincides with the Lord Ram returning to ayodhya from the fourteen years of exile.
Another superstitious belief about Gudhi is that it wards off the evil. ill and malefic energy out of the house and transfers in Peace and harmony to the house under which it is erected.
Gudi Padwa Festival Celebration
Houses and shops are all cleaned both in town and villages. This preliminary preparations are similar to that of Pre Diwali preparations. New clothes are worn on the day of the festival and people exchange gifts and wishes.
The day is started with consuming a paste of Neem and Jaggery which helps in building immune against the seasonal diseases. At the night fall delicious food items are prepared and guest are called in for celebrating this day with love and happiness.
The modern Hindu culture celebrates this festival with exchanging sms and greetings elders and loved ones with respect.